Lemosho Route - Difficulty : DIFFICULT


The Lemosho route is considered the most scenic trail on Kilimanjaro, granting panoramic vistas on various sides of the mountain. As one of the newer routes, Lemosho is a superb choice for your climb. It is our preferred route due to its ideal balance of low crowds, beautiful scenery and a high summit success rate. Primetime Tanzania Adventures specializes in guiding on the Lemosho route for special requests. Most of our clients climb Kilimanjaro using this route and they consistently report that they loved it. And thus, Lemosho is highly recommended.

The route approaches Mount Kilimanjaro from the west, beginning with a long drive from Moshi/Arusha to Londorossi Gate. From there, the first two days are spent trekking through the rain forest to Shira Ridge. The Lemosho route crosses the entire Shira Plateau from west to east in a pleasant, relatively flat hike. Crowds are low until the route joins the Machame route near Lava Tower. Then the route traverses underneath Kilimanjaro’s Southern Ice Field on a path known as the Southern Circuit before summiting from Barafu. Descent is made via the Mweka route.
Primetime Tanzania Adventures offers Lemosho as an eight day group climb or as a seven to eight day private climb. The seven day variation combines days five and six, going from Barranco Camp to Barafu Camp and skip Karanga Camp. A nine day variation that includes an overnight at Crater Camp is available as a private climb by special request ONLY.


Pick up at the hotel in Arusha or nearby cozy town of Moshi at 8:30 am, 3 hours drive to the Londorossi park’s gate to acquire your climbing permit and fill in your particulars in the park’s register. By then all the equipment will be weighed in, to see how many porters you may need. Each porter is only allowed to carry 20 kg in addition to their own gears that they have to show to the park staff for safety reasons.
Then an adventure 4X4 drive to the Lemosho glades or starting point (2,100m) where you’ll unload and have lunch there. The hike starts right off on a steep jungle trail. It will take you about 3 ½ hours to get to the Big Tree Camp (2,850m), with widely spaced Juniper trees with thick underbrush on scenery. Tents are ready pitched at the camp while water is been fetched and the Chef prepares meals for supper. Overnight temperatures can reach freezing levels, so frost can be expected in the morning.

It’s the only route on Kilimanjaro where you walk through a series of valleys, resulting in the frequent gain and loss of altitude. The route is one of a few where on the first days you may have opportunity to see some big game as buffalo, elephants and others. While, black and white colobus and blue monkeys are often seen skimming the tree tops on the first two days.

This day, in some way it is the longest of the hike, by passing throughout the rainforest early on, and into the heather moorlands, which start out about 10’ tall and get shorter and shorter as the climb take place. Knowing this day is longer the Chef will prepare a snack bagged after breakfast so that you can stop on the way and have your snacks. When reaching a ridge at noon they will be waiting there with the kitchen and toilet tents all set up for a hot meal. From there we’ll head straight up along the ridge and around an old caldera rim to a low spot where the lava had broken out and around the backside onto an open plateau. And finally, the first fleeting glimpse of the glaciers at the top peeking through the clouds on the way to Shira1 Hut. The vegetation is down to tufted grasses and low shrubs and larger lava formations. Will Overnight at Shira1 Hut, 3,505m.

The first third of the hike will be across flat Shira Plateau and the path will lead you to the junction of Shira2 Hut and Moir, will head to the Scott Fischer Memorial Campground. This will be an easy afternoon, passing some interesting rock formations were slate had floated up through the magma, along with mixtures ash, all of this has been modified by recent glaciation. Will overnight at the very sheltered Moir Hut beside a lateral moraine at (4,200 m) finding a partial elephant skeleton.
Hopefully by now, you would have adapted to the cold nights and early mornings.

Lost most of the vegetation early on, so it looks like a moonscape with just a few tufts of grass in sheltered spots. The day begins as you experience many significant altitude changes traversing around the mountain to the southeast side. Heading towards the Lava Tower (4,630m) crossing both junction, one from Shira2 Hut and the other via Machame route. Lunch stop at the tower, afterwards descending down to Barranco hut (3,976m) offers great photo opportunities of the awe-inspiring Western Breach and Breach Wall. Barranco hut is located in a valley below the Breach and The great Barranco Wall. This is the perfect place to collect clean drinking water that is found running off streams supplied by melting snow and ice – most refreshing! While you wait for the spectacular sunset the chef will prepare your evening meal.

On this part of the trek you will learn from the lizard when the mountain becomes steep. This creature has a very careful climbing technique and you will do likewise – using opposing arms and legs to force your body upwards. Push left, push right – this creates an axis that can be drawn diagonally through the body, allowing you to move your right foot and left hand freely upwards against the wall. Heading to Karanga valley and on your way will pass through a few valleys offering great views of Heim, and Decken Glaciers that form part of the southern ice fields. Overnight in Karanga campsite at (3,995m) with spectacular view of Moshi town.

Almost the entire hike to Barafu camp (4,673m) is uphill and situated on an exposed and dangerous ridge, so it is important to familiarize yourself with your surroundings. As on the other days the chef will prepare your evening meal, giving you a perfect opportunity to prepare your equipment for the summit hike, which we will do on the night at around midnight. Ensure you change the batteries in your headlamp and camera. The higher you go the colder it will get, so we suggest you take water in a thermal flask to avoid freezing. As a Guide I advise you.

At around midnight (6 hours) walk heading onto north eastern direction up the south east valley towards Stella Point (5,739m) on the crater rim. While hiking on the cold night and the footpath steep and rocky, the long walk to Stella Point is both mentally and physically challenging. This is where most people are affected by altitude sickness. It is important to keep your guide informed if you do not feel well. Depending on weather conditions, you could encounter snow and ice from below Stella Point all the way to Uhuru Peak (5895m). This stretch takes about an hour and offers spectacular views of Rebman, Decken, Kersten and Heim Glaciers. Above all you will be rewarded, not only with the amazing sense of achievement of reaching the ‘Roof of
Africa’ but also the most beautiful African sunrise ever. The time that you will spend on the summit will depend on the weather conditions.

From here you will descend back to Barafu hut for a short rest, something to eat and to collect the rest of your equipment. Then your descent continues down on a different route to spend your final night on the mountain at Mweka hut (3,068m). The hike out is one of extremes, from the dry thin air at the Summit to the upper edge of the rainforest again and every step is down so we now say Shuka Mlima, “descent the mountain”.
When reaching Mweka hut the chef will prepare you a well-earned dinner.

After breakfast will continue with another day of every step down to the gate and sign out, at the gate, you will say farewell to your hiking crew, get into the car then drive to Moshi/Arusha back to the hotel for a well-earned shower and drinks to celebrate your achievement.

What an exciting breathtaking trip of a life time!

Kilimandjaro lever de soleil
Succes summit
Alpine deset


Packing List

  • • Sun hat or scarf
    • Light balaclava or warm fleece hat
    • Sunglasses with UV protection
  • • Under garments
    • Hiking shorts
    • Lightweight cotton long pants
    • Light and expedition weight thermal bottoms
    • Fleece or wool pants (seasonal)
    • Waterproof (preferably breathable fabric) shell pants
  • • T-shirts
    • Light and expedition weight thermal tops
    • Fleece jacket or pullover
    • Fleece wind-stopper jacket (optional)
    • Waterproof (preferably breathable fabric) shell jacket
    • Down jacket
  • • Lightweight gloves
    • Heavyweight gloves or mittens with a waterproof shell outer (seasonal)
  • • Thin and lightweight inner socks
    • Thick and warm wool hiking socks
    • Hiking boots with spare laces
    • Camp shoes (sneakers / sandals
    • Gaiters for protecting you from the stones entering your shoes on the summit night

Personal small first aid kit

  • • Pain Killers (Ibuprofen)
    • Diamox (Acetazolamide) if you are climbing Kilimanjaro – Paracetamol
    • Zinc oxide tape and small scissors.
    • Compeed Blister Pads
    • Imodium / Loperamide anti-diarrhea tablets
    • Any medication you normally use
    Dioralyte sachets or similar re-hydration packs.
  • Note that your guide or safari liaison will carry a more comprehensive medical kit containing additional Acetazolamide, Ibuprofen, Anti-inflammatory gel, bandages, Loperamide, Amoxicillin, Oral Dexamethasone, and several other items.


  •  Headlamp with spare batteries
    • Camera and film / digital camera & spare memory cards & charger / batteries
    • Day pack 30-40 litres for personal use while on the mountain /safari
    • Rack sack or duffel bag to contain everything you will need while on the mountain / safari
    • Sleeping bag rated to – 10C if climbing Kilimanjaro with us / +5C if only doing safari
    • Sleeping mat
    • Large plastic bags – for keeping items dry inside your rack sack
    • Trekking poles
    • Water bottles
    • Water purification tablets / Iodine drops
    • Binocular
    • Ear plug – cause there’s some in the camp are snoring
    • Spare contact lenses and fluid – if worn /watch
    • Reading book
    • Journal and pen
    Personal Hygiene
    • Toothbrush and toothpaste & deodorant – Flat packed wet ones / travel wipes
    • Medium sized quick drying towel
    • Multipurpose soap
    • Face and body moisturizer
    • Small mirror
    • Hairbrush / comb
    • Tissue / toilet roll
    • Hand sanitizer
    • Lip bum with UV protection
    • Vaseline to prevent chafing skin and heel friction blisters
    • High energy snacks (Cereal bars, dried fruits and nuts
    Mobile phone. There is signal reception in much of the national parks and safari areas. Note: It is a very good idea to unlock your phone before you come out so that a local SIM card can be used. This will make calls home very inexpensive.


  •  Passport (with additional 6 months’ validity after proposed trip return date)
     Tanzanian Entry Visa. (If flying to Nairobi and taking the bus to Arusha, Kenyan visas can be bought on arrival at Nairobi airport.)
  •  Air Travel Documents – Cash in US dollars in denominations of $10 and $20 (tipping allowance and local purchases, taxis, meals, etc)
    • Credit Cards (recommended for eventualities only & obtaining extra cash from ATMs)
    • Travel Insurance Documents
    • Vaccination Certificates (where applicable) – Traveler’s Cheques are not recommend as they are subject to extremely poor conversion rates in Arusha.


  • Malaria Tablets (if you choose to take these. Most will seek advice from their GP. Note: some anti-malarial courses need to commence several weeks before departure
    Sun cream Note: some argue that most sun creams are carcinogenic and either organic sun barriers or loose fitting clothes that cover the skin are regarded by many as preferable.




  • • Tanzania VAT on tourism activities and Park fees
    • Transport to and from mountain’s gate
    • 1 Night hotel accommodation before and after the climb
    • All Kilimanjaro National Park entry fees, camping fees and climbing permit
    • Kilimanjaro rescue fees ( Kilimanjaro Rescue Team )
    • Emergency Oxygen Cylinder ( for use in emergencies only – not as summiting aid)
    • Basic first aid kit ( for use in emergencies only)
    • Camping equipment’s ( tents, chairs and tables)
    • Qualified mountain guides, assistant guides, porters and chef
    • Salaries for mountain crew as per guidelines set by Kilimanjaro National Park
    • Large portion of fresh, health and nutrition food based on three meals per day
    • Acclimatization walk and coffee tour before the actual climb
    • Water for washing up daily
    • Airport pick up


  • • International flights
    • Tips, drinks and food in Moshi / Arusha town and all items personal nature
    • South African passport holders do not require a visa for Tanzania, however, most other Nationalities require a visa for Tanzania
    • Health requirements (yellow Fever Compulsory if traveling to Tanzania recommended)
    • Highly recommended travel and medical insurance
    • All mountain gears (winter closes) we can also arrange for hiring